E-ISSN 2705-3954 | ISSN 0794-4756
 

Original Research 


LOAD FREQUENCY CONTROL OF TWO-AREA INTERCONNECTED NETWORK USING MULTI-STAGE CONTROLLER

David Enemali Abah, Adamu Saidu Abubakar, Gadaffi Sani Saidu.

Abstract
The task of the load frequency control (LFC) in an interconnected power system is to maintain the frequency of each area within limits and to keep tie-line power flow within some pre-specified limit. This research work presents the implementation of optimal LFC of a two-area interconnected network integrated with renewable energy sources. The control area 1 consists of thermal power plant unit and 85MW wind farm while control-area 2 consists of thermal power plant unit and a 50MW PV system. The novelty of this work is the use of Grasshopper Optimization Algorithm (GOA) with multistage Proportional Derivative filter type with 0.85 plus Proportional Integral PDF+(0.85+PI) controller for better dynamic responses. The gains of the controller were obtained using Grasshopper Optimization Algorithm (GOA) by minimizing the Integral time absolute error (ITAE) in the performance assessment. The effectiveness of GOA-PDF+(0.85+PI) controller was compared with other optimization methods like SSA-PID and GA-PID under different operating conditions. The results obtained shows that the proposed controller outperformed other compared control techniques in terms of undershoot, overshoot and settling time.

Key words: Load Frequency control, Control Technique


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by David Enemali Abah
Articles by Adamu Saidu Abubakar
Articles by Gadaffi Sani Saidu
on Google
on Google Scholar

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Abah DE, Abubakar AS, Saidu GS, . LOAD FREQUENCY CONTROL OF TWO-AREA INTERCONNECTED NETWORK USING MULTI-STAGE CONTROLLER. NJE. 2022; 29(1): 79-84.


Web Style

Abah DE, Abubakar AS, Saidu GS, . LOAD FREQUENCY CONTROL OF TWO-AREA INTERCONNECTED NETWORK USING MULTI-STAGE CONTROLLER. https://www.njeabu.com.ng/?mno=136419 [Access: June 21, 2022].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Abah DE, Abubakar AS, Saidu GS, . LOAD FREQUENCY CONTROL OF TWO-AREA INTERCONNECTED NETWORK USING MULTI-STAGE CONTROLLER. NJE. 2022; 29(1): 79-84.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Abah DE, Abubakar AS, Saidu GS, . LOAD FREQUENCY CONTROL OF TWO-AREA INTERCONNECTED NETWORK USING MULTI-STAGE CONTROLLER. NJE. (2022), [cited June 21, 2022]; 29(1): 79-84.



Harvard Style

Abah, D. E., Abubakar, A. S., Saidu, G. S. & (2022) LOAD FREQUENCY CONTROL OF TWO-AREA INTERCONNECTED NETWORK USING MULTI-STAGE CONTROLLER. NJE, 29 (1), 79-84.



Turabian Style

Abah, David Enemali, Adamu Saidu Abubakar, Gadaffi Sani Saidu, and . 2022. LOAD FREQUENCY CONTROL OF TWO-AREA INTERCONNECTED NETWORK USING MULTI-STAGE CONTROLLER. Nigerian Journal of Engineering, 29 (1), 79-84.



Chicago Style

Abah, David Enemali, Adamu Saidu Abubakar, Gadaffi Sani Saidu, and . "LOAD FREQUENCY CONTROL OF TWO-AREA INTERCONNECTED NETWORK USING MULTI-STAGE CONTROLLER." Nigerian Journal of Engineering 29 (2022), 79-84.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Abah, David Enemali, Adamu Saidu Abubakar, Gadaffi Sani Saidu, and . "LOAD FREQUENCY CONTROL OF TWO-AREA INTERCONNECTED NETWORK USING MULTI-STAGE CONTROLLER." Nigerian Journal of Engineering 29.1 (2022), 79-84. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Abah, D. E., Abubakar, A. S., Saidu, G. S. & (2022) LOAD FREQUENCY CONTROL OF TWO-AREA INTERCONNECTED NETWORK USING MULTI-STAGE CONTROLLER. Nigerian Journal of Engineering, 29 (1), 79-84.