E-ISSN 2705-3954 | ISSN 0794-4756
 

Original Research 


Development of a single screw fish feed extruder machine

Jelili Babatunde Hussein, Mudathir Abdulsalam Hassan, Olukayode Amos Sogbesan, Ahmadu Abubakar Tafida.

Abstract
Substantial development in the African fish industry is being keenly challenged not only by the availability of fish feed ingredients or viable seeds but also by the high cost of imported floating feeds and processing machines required for production of the feeds. The emergence of adulterated extruded fish feeds has also led to the closure of some fish farms that fall victims. Thus, a single screw fish feed extruder was designed and fabricated with locally available and affordable engineering materials. The machine’s performance was evaluated with constant feed moisture, constant feed rate, and constant screw speed, while the multi-channel dies were varied for 2, 4, 6, and 8 mm. The product moisture contents ranged from 7.78 – 8.72%, the product temperature 105 – 135oC, buck density 0.92 – 1.07 g/ml, expansion ratio 20.50 – 38.83%, throughput 17.75 – 24.12 g/mins, percentage recovery 74.00 – 83.33%, floatability 78.67 – 92.11%, efficiency of the machine 70.67 – 90.67% and specific mechanical energy 19.09 – 24.47 KJ/Kg. The performance evaluation of the machine was satisfactory.

Key words: Floating Fish Feed, Single Screw Extruder, Fish, Design, Fabrication


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Hussein JB, Hassan MA, Sogbesan OA, Tafida AA, . Development of a single screw fish feed extruder machine. NJE. 2021; 28(3): 20-31.


Web Style

Hussein JB, Hassan MA, Sogbesan OA, Tafida AA, . Development of a single screw fish feed extruder machine. https://www.njeabu.com.ng/?mno=27554 [Access: April 06, 2022].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Hussein JB, Hassan MA, Sogbesan OA, Tafida AA, . Development of a single screw fish feed extruder machine. NJE. 2021; 28(3): 20-31.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Hussein JB, Hassan MA, Sogbesan OA, Tafida AA, . Development of a single screw fish feed extruder machine. NJE. (2021), [cited April 06, 2022]; 28(3): 20-31.



Harvard Style

Hussein, J. B., Hassan, M. A., Sogbesan, O. A., Tafida, A. A. & (2021) Development of a single screw fish feed extruder machine. NJE, 28 (3), 20-31.



Turabian Style

Hussein, Jelili Babatunde, Mudathir Abdulsalam Hassan, Olukayode Amos Sogbesan, Ahmadu Abubakar Tafida, and . 2021. Development of a single screw fish feed extruder machine. Nigerian Journal of Engineering, 28 (3), 20-31.



Chicago Style

Hussein, Jelili Babatunde, Mudathir Abdulsalam Hassan, Olukayode Amos Sogbesan, Ahmadu Abubakar Tafida, and . "Development of a single screw fish feed extruder machine." Nigerian Journal of Engineering 28 (2021), 20-31.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Hussein, Jelili Babatunde, Mudathir Abdulsalam Hassan, Olukayode Amos Sogbesan, Ahmadu Abubakar Tafida, and . "Development of a single screw fish feed extruder machine." Nigerian Journal of Engineering 28.3 (2021), 20-31. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Hussein, J. B., Hassan, M. A., Sogbesan, O. A., Tafida, A. A. & (2021) Development of a single screw fish feed extruder machine. Nigerian Journal of Engineering, 28 (3), 20-31.