E-ISSN 2705-3954 | ISSN 0794-4756
 

Original Article 


Measurement of Hydraulic Conductivity of Crumb-Rubber Masonry Concrete Using Falling-Head Method

Mukaila Yinka Sanni, Ocholi Amana, Stephen Pinder Ejeh, Amartey Dada Yusuf, Juliana Nanfwang Tyoden.

Abstract
This paper experimentally measures the hydraulic conductivity of crumb-rubber modified masonry concrete using the falling head method. Six mix batches using a mix ratio of 1:1.5:3 and a water-cement ratio of 0.42 was used to produce masonry concrete having 0%, 5%, 10%, 15%, 20% and 25% crumb-rubber particles partially replaced by volume of coarse granite was used for the investigation. The results reveals that the reference masonry concrete (0%CR) have a hydraulic conductivity of 9.88 x 10-11 m/sec while the 5, 10, 15, 20 and 25% have hydraulic conductivity of 1.68 x 10-10 m/sec, 2.34 x 10-10 m/sec, 3.26 x 10-10 m/sec, 4.03 x 10-10 m/sec and 4.51 x 10-10 m/sec respectively; which indicates that the hydraulic conductivity of the modified masonry concrete increased with addition of more crumb-rubber content up to 25%. The outcome of these study implies an increase in the ability of the modified masonry concrete to absorb surface water which will be highly desirable for use as a pervious concrete to reduce storm water runoff.

Key words: Crumb-rubber, Masonry concrete, Unit weight, Compacting factor, Compressive strength and Hydraulic Conductivity.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Sanni MY, Amana O, Ejeh SP, Yusuf AD, Tyoden JN, . Measurement of Hydraulic Conductivity of Crumb-Rubber Masonry Concrete Using Falling-Head Method. NJE. 2022; 29(1): 50-57.


Web Style

Sanni MY, Amana O, Ejeh SP, Yusuf AD, Tyoden JN, . Measurement of Hydraulic Conductivity of Crumb-Rubber Masonry Concrete Using Falling-Head Method. https://www.njeabu.com.ng/?mno=95658 [Access: June 21, 2022].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Sanni MY, Amana O, Ejeh SP, Yusuf AD, Tyoden JN, . Measurement of Hydraulic Conductivity of Crumb-Rubber Masonry Concrete Using Falling-Head Method. NJE. 2022; 29(1): 50-57.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Sanni MY, Amana O, Ejeh SP, Yusuf AD, Tyoden JN, . Measurement of Hydraulic Conductivity of Crumb-Rubber Masonry Concrete Using Falling-Head Method. NJE. (2022), [cited June 21, 2022]; 29(1): 50-57.



Harvard Style

Sanni, M. Y., Amana, O., Ejeh, S. P., Yusuf, A. D., Tyoden, J. N. & (2022) Measurement of Hydraulic Conductivity of Crumb-Rubber Masonry Concrete Using Falling-Head Method. NJE, 29 (1), 50-57.



Turabian Style

Sanni, Mukaila Yinka, Ocholi Amana, Stephen Pinder Ejeh, Amartey Dada Yusuf, Juliana Nanfwang Tyoden, and . 2022. Measurement of Hydraulic Conductivity of Crumb-Rubber Masonry Concrete Using Falling-Head Method. Nigerian Journal of Engineering, 29 (1), 50-57.



Chicago Style

Sanni, Mukaila Yinka, Ocholi Amana, Stephen Pinder Ejeh, Amartey Dada Yusuf, Juliana Nanfwang Tyoden, and . "Measurement of Hydraulic Conductivity of Crumb-Rubber Masonry Concrete Using Falling-Head Method." Nigerian Journal of Engineering 29 (2022), 50-57.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Sanni, Mukaila Yinka, Ocholi Amana, Stephen Pinder Ejeh, Amartey Dada Yusuf, Juliana Nanfwang Tyoden, and . "Measurement of Hydraulic Conductivity of Crumb-Rubber Masonry Concrete Using Falling-Head Method." Nigerian Journal of Engineering 29.1 (2022), 50-57. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Sanni, M. Y., Amana, O., Ejeh, S. P., Yusuf, A. D., Tyoden, J. N. & (2022) Measurement of Hydraulic Conductivity of Crumb-Rubber Masonry Concrete Using Falling-Head Method. Nigerian Journal of Engineering, 29 (1), 50-57.